Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics: 2017 Update
- Benjamin EJ, Blaha MJ, Chiuve S, et al.
- Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics - 2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation 2017;Jan 25:[Epub ahead of print].
The following are 10 points to remember about the 2017 updated report from the American Heart Association on heart disease and stroke statistics:
- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for approximately 800,000 deaths in the United States (US), or one out of every three deaths. Among Americans, an average of one person dies from CVD every 40 seconds. Coronary heart disease (CHD) accounts for the majority of CVD deaths, followed by stroke and heart failure. More than 90 million Americans carry a diagnosis of CVD. Over 45% of non-Hispanic blacks live with CVD in the US.
- On a global level, CVD accounts for 31% of all deaths. The estimated cost of CVD will be $1,044 billion by 2030.
- Although deaths due to CHD have declined over the past 10 years, CHD remains the leading cause of death in the US. An estimated 790,000 US adults experience a heart attack each year.
- Stroke accounts for 1 of 20 deaths in the US. Approximately every 40 seconds, someone experiences a stroke in the US. Death rates due to stroke have declined. As adults with stroke survive, stroke has become the leading cause of long-term disability in the US.
- While smoking rates in the US have declined, tobacco use has increased on a global level. Smoking, including secondhand smoke, accounts for an estimated 6.3 million deaths worldwide.
- An estimated one in three US adults do not meet current recommendations for physical activity. Improvements in dietary patterns have been observed in both US children and adults. Increased whole-grain consumption and decreased sugary beverage consumption has been noted in both US children and adults. However, no significant trends in reduced sodium intake have been observed.
- Obesity rates have increased over the past decade; in the US, an estimated 37.7% of adults are obese.
- An estimated one of every three US adults have elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Approximately 18% of US adults have low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
- An estimated 85.7 million Americans (34% of the population) have high blood pressure. More than 45% of non-Hispanic Black women have hypertension. An estimated 45% of Americans with hypertension do not have controlled blood pressure.
- Approximately 23.4 million American adults have diabetes, while an estimated 7.6 million American adults have undiagnosed diabetes. Worldwide, the prevalence of diabetes is expected to increase to 7.7% in the year 2030.
Clinical Topics: Acute Coronary Syndromes, Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Disease, Dyslipidemia, Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies, Prevention, Lipid Metabolism, Nonstatins, Acute Heart Failure, Exercise, Hypertension, Smoking
Keywords: Acute Coronary Syndrome, Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cholesterol, LDL, Cholesterol, HDL, Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Dyslipidemias, Exercise, Heart Failure, Hypertension, Metabolic Syndrome X, Myocardial Infarction, Primary Prevention, Obesity, Risk Factors, Smoking, Sodium, Stroke, Vascular Diseases
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