New in Clinical Documents | Supporting Clinical Care: New Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on Cardiac Amyloidosis
The ACC's newest Expert Consensus Decision Pathway (ECDP) released Jan. 23 provides "practical and timely guidance on the diagnosis and management of cardiac amyloidosis," with an emphasis on comprehensive multidisciplinary care.
The ECDP recognizes the complexity in treating patients with amyloidosis and is organized around three key steps:
- Identifying what cardiovascular clinicians should know about the diagnosis and management of cardiac amyloidosis and when to consult with a cardiac amyloid specialist.
- Recognizing the relevant extracardiac manifestations involving the kidney, nervous system, gastrointestinal tract and musculoskeletal system and how and when to establish multidisciplinary collaborations to manage patient care.
- Understanding future directions and unanswered questions in the field.
According to the ECDP authors, led by Writing Committee Chair Michelle M. Kittleson, MD, PHD, FACC, and Vice Chair Frederick L. Ruberg, MD, FACC, these steps aim to help all cardiovascular clinicians "be aware of the clinical clues that suggest a diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis" and "be able to identify the diagnostic algorithm for cardiac amyloidosis, including the role of the monoclonal protein screen, bone scintigraphy, and/or genetic testing and/or biopsy."
They also note the importance of helping clinicians avoid "diagnostic pitfalls of the monoclonal protein screen, bone scintigraphy, and biopsy" and improving understanding of how to "implement a treatment plan with specific attention to the roles of traditional [heart failure] medications and arrhythmia management."
ACC Resources For Implementation
The Cardiac Amyloidosis Clinical Solutions page, part of ACC's Clinical Solutions Hub, provides resources for clinicians and patients all in one place. Find the full ECDP, links to ACC's free online "Cardiac Amyloidosis: Accelerating Diagnosis and Treatment" course, CardioSmart patient tools and more.
Learn More at ACC.23/WCC
Search "amyloidosis" in the Online Program Planner for a complete list of educational sessions and poster presentations on this important topic. Click here to find sessions like "From Diagnosis and Treatment to Transplant: Everything You Need to Know About Cardiac Amyloidosis" (#638) and more.
Looking to the future, the ECDP highlights some of the barriers to equitable care in cardiac amyloidosis, including the high cost of medications, the complexity of prior approval processes, variation in out-of-pocket expenses and limited access to regional specialists – topics that the ACC continues to prioritize working with industry, payers, members of Congress and other key stakeholders.
The authors suggest that telehealth with appropriate insurance coverage and giving clinicians the ability to practice across state lines may help to mitigate some of these barriers.
"The treatment of patients with amyloidosis is complex. It involves physicians and advanced-practice providers across a wide array of specialties, including primary care, cardiology, nephrology, hematology, neurology, gastroenterology, and palliative care," the authors write. "It also involves associated providers such as nurses, pharmacists, dieticians, and geneticists. We anticipate that the algorithms proposed here will continue to evolve as new evidence emerges but that the overarching and now attainable goal of improving cardiovascular outcomes in patients with cardiac amyloidosis will remain consistent.
Clinical Topics: Arrhythmias and Clinical EP, Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies, Invasive Cardiovascular Angiography and Intervention, Noninvasive Imaging, Valvular Heart Disease, Vascular Medicine, Implantable Devices, SCD/Ventricular Arrhythmias, Atrial Fibrillation/Supraventricular Arrhythmias, Acute Heart Failure, Interventions and Imaging, Interventions and Structural Heart Disease, Interventions and Vascular Medicine, Angiography, Nuclear Imaging, Acute Coronary Syndromes, Anticoagulation Management, Cardiac Surgery, Cardio-Oncology, Cardiovascular Care Team, Congenital Heart Disease and Pediatric Cardiology, COVID-19 Hub, Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Disease, Dyslipidemia, Geriatric Cardiology, Pericardial Disease, Prevention, Pulmonary Hypertension and Venous Thromboembolism, Sports and Exercise Cardiology, Stable Ischemic Heart Disease
Keywords: ACC Publications, Cardiology Magazine, ACC Annual Scientific Session, ACC23, Heart Failure, Heart Valve Diseases, Aneurysm, Angiography, Patient Care Team, Care Team, Arrhythmias, Cardiac, Diagnostic Imaging
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