ARTICLE I - Objectives

The mission of the American College of Cardiology is to transform cardiovascular care and improve heart health.

ARTICLE II - Membership

Section 1

The membership of the College shall be of the following classes: Master, Master Emeritus; Fellow, Fellow Emeritus; Distinguished Fellow, Honorary Fellow; Associate Fellow; and International Associate. There shall also be classes for Fellow in Training (FIT) and Medical Resident.

In addition there shall be classes of Cardiovascular Team Member, Associate of the American College of Cardiology; and CV Team Student.

And, there shall be classes of Cardiovascular Administrator and Affiliate.

Only a Fellow, Fellow Emeritus, Distinguished Fellow and Honorary Fellow shall be privileged to use the letters "FACC" after his/her name. Only a Master and Master Emeritus shall be privileged to use the letters "MACC" after his/her name. Only an Associate of the American College of Cardiology shall be privileged to use the letters "AACC" after his/her name.

Only Master, Master Emeritus, Fellow, Fellow Emeritus, Distinguished Fellow shall be entitled to the privilege of serving as an Officer of the College.

Section 2

Qualifications and Application for Membership - The qualifications and process to apply for membership shall be proposed through the Credentialing and Member Services Committee, a subcommittee of the Membership Committee, and must be approved by the Board of Trustees. The qualifications and process for becoming a member may be waived by the Credentialing and Member Services Committee in individual cases.

  1. Master - A Fellow of the College who has been active in the College for more than fifteen years may be recommended to the Board of Trustees to be designated a Master of the American College of Cardiology (MACC). Annually the Officers and Trustees of the College shall be asked individually to submit names of suggested nominees to the Awards Committee which, in turn, shall make its recommendation to the Board of Trustees. Additionally, past presidents are recognized as Masters. Election shall be by a majority vote of the Board of Trustees.
  2. Fellow - United States, U.S. Territories and Canada - (a) Shall have initial certification by both a primary specialty board and an applicable subspecialty board which holds membership in the American Board of Medical Specialties or the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists of the American Osteopathic Association. (b) Lacking initial board certification, candidate is expected to have made important scientific contributions over a period of years to a cardiovascular field. (c) The candidate shall provide evidence from his/her community of recognition by peers as a specialist or as a scientist.

    Fellow - Residing outside United States, U.S. Territories and Canada - The candidate applying for Fellowship should be recognized as clearly outstanding in country by (a) holding a leadership role in cardiology; or Professor or Associate Professor or; (b) having achieved an international reputation with a sizeable number of publications in cardiovascular related peer-reviewed indexed journals. The candidate may have initial certification by both a primary and subspecialty board which holds membership in either the American Board of Medical Specialties or the Advisory Board for Osteopathic Specialists of the American Osteopathic Association.
  3. Emeritus Status - A Master, Fellow, or Associate Fellow of the College who is fully retired and is 65 years of age or older or who has been a member of the College for more than thirty consecutive years, is 60 years of age, and is fully retired, is eligible upon request to be named Emeritus. Such a status permits a waiver of national and applicable chapter dues and fees, but not the cost of the hard copy College journals.
  4. Distinguished Fellow - A Fellow of the College who has performed outstanding service in the interest of the College may be recommended to the Board of Trustees to be elected Distinguished Fellow. Annually the membership shall be asked to submit names of suggested nominees to the Awards Committee which, in turn, shall make its recommendation to the Board of Trustees. Election shall be by a majority vote of the Board of Trustees.
  5. Honorary Fellow - Any qualified scientist or physician is eligible to become an Honorary Fellow. Annually the membership shall be asked to submit names of suggested nominees to the Awards Committee which, in turn, shall make its recommendation to the Board of Trustees. Election shall be by a majority vote of the Board of Trustees.
  6. Associate Fellow - United States, U.S. Territories and Canada - Shall have satisfactorily completed a formal cardiovascular related training program in fulfillment of requirements for admission to an initial examination by a subspecialty board which holds membership in the American Board of Medical Specialties or the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists of the American Osteopathic Association. (b) Lacking initial board certification, candidates are expected to provide evidence from the local community of having attained peer recognition as practicing cardiovascular specialists.
  7. International Associate - A category of membership for cardiovascular physician or scientist candidate. The candidate will be recognized in his/her own country by having relevant recognized/accredited medical education, cardiovascular training, and licensure/certification OR cardiovascular-related academic or research appointment at a recognized institution.
  8. Fellow-in-Training - United States, U.S. Territories and Canada - Shall be currently engaged in a formal cardiovascular related training program in fulfillment of requirements for admission to an initial examination by a subspecialty board which holds membership in the American Board of Medical Specialties or the Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists of the American Osteopathic Association. A Fellow-in-Training member will transition to the Associate Fellow category upon successful completion of the training program.

    Fellow-in-Training – Residing outside the United States, U.S. Territories and Canada - Shall be currently engaged in a formal cardiovascular-related training program. An international Fellow-in-Training will transition to the International Associate category upon successfully completing the training program.
  9. Medical Resident - Currently enrolled in an accredited program in the U.S. or Canada. Resident memberships would align with current ACC processes including the membership year and dues cycle. Unlike FIT memberships, these memberships will be required annually.
  10. Cardiovascular Team Member - Shall be available to a professional in the cardiovascular work setting. A Cardiovascular Team member shall have recognized education, training, and licensure/certification, and/or formal appointment relevant and customary for the professional type.
  11. Associate of the American College of Cardiology (AACC) - (a) Shall be a nurse, nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, clinical pharmacist, physician assistant, or cardiovascular technologist who (a) is nationally board certified by a credentialing body recognized by the American College of Cardiology; (b) has been a member of the ACC for at least two years; and (c) has at least five years of experience in a clinical area of expertise within cardiology.
  12. Emeritus Status - Cardiovascular Team member or Associate of the American College of Cardiology - is fully retired and 65 years of age or older; or has been a member of the College for more than five consecutive years, 60 years of age, and fully retired -- is eligible upon request to be named Emeritus. Such a status permits a waiver of national and applicable chapter dues and fees but not the cost of the hard copy College journals.
  13. CV Team Student - Student nurses, physician assistants, or pharmacists enrolled at least half-time in an undergraduate or graduate program. Proven commitment to cardiovascular medicine.
  14. CV Administrator – There shall be a class of membership for cardiovascular administrator. This is a category of membership that can be appointed to committees, task forces and work groups.
  15. Affiliate - A category of membership available to non-cardiovascular physicians, scientists, or professionals. Relevant to the professional type shall have recognized/accredited education, training, certification/licensure; OR appointment at a recognized institution. This membership is not eligible for any other category of membership and cannot hold office.

Section 3

Resignation and Removal

A member may resign at any time by written notice to the Member Services Department of the College. In addition to the discipline procedures in Article XII of these Bylaws, a member shall be removed with approval of the Ethics and Discipline Committee, upon action by the Board of Trustees, upon ceasing to meet the qualifications for membership set forth in Article III, Dues and Fees, Section 1 or 2, whichever is applicable.

ARTICLE III - Dues and Fees

Section 1

Annual dues shall be required of all members of the College except Fellows-in-Training, Honorary Fellows, Distinguished Fellows and Emeritus. Additionally, Chapter dues shall be required for all physician members residing in the United States or a U.S. Territory that has a Chapter. Annual dues, at one-half the current dues rate, shall be required of those members who have been granted reduced dues status, in accordance with criteria established by the Finance Committee.

Section 2

The amount of the annual dues shall be determined by the Board of Trustees.

Section 3

On the recommendation of the Finance Committee, and without publication thereof, annual dues may be waived in whole or in part for any member of the College. Further, a member at any age, if working less than 20 hours per week, can be granted reduced dues status in the College for up to two years. Reduced dues members shall be required to pay dues at one-half the current dues rate and will receive the College journal only by electronic delivery or pay cost of the hard copy journal. Reduced dues members must request in writing a continuation of such status after two years. Members who have ongoing need for a dues exemption (e.g., long term disability or illness) will be eligible for Emeritus Status.

Section 4

Dues shall be payable on January 1 of each year. A member who is delinquent in dues thereby loses all privileges of the College. A member whose dues are delinquent for a period of two years may be dropped from the roll of the College by action of the Board of Trustees. The College shall notify a member of such anticipated action prior to dropping the member.

Section 5

Any Fellow whose membership in the College has been terminated shall not append the FACC (or if applicable, MACC) designation to their name or claim or imply membership in the American College of Cardiology.

Any Associate whose membership in the College has been terminated shall not append the AACC designation to their name or claim or imply membership in the American College of Cardiology.

Section 6

Any member dropped from membership because of delinquency or resignation may be considered for reinstatement once, utilizing one of the following provisions: a) To restore the original year of membership record, all unpaid dues will be paid in full and annual dues payments will be required thereafter; or b) to re-establish the membership record as of the current year, current year dues are required in full and annual payments will be required thereafter.

ARTICLE IV - Board of Trustees

Section 1

The Board of Trustees shall have fiduciary responsibility and be responsible for the governing policies of the College. The Board of Trustees shall have the power to make Bylaws for the governance of the College and to alter, change or amend such Bylaws.

Section 2

The Board of Trustees shall have thirteen members.  The majority of Members of the Board of Trustees must be members of the ACC pursuant to the qualifications described in Article II.  The Board of Trustees shall meet at least six times a year, with at least one of such meetings to be held at the time and at the location of the annual meeting of the College.

Section 3

The term of office of a Trustee shall be three years with a maximum of two consecutive three-year terms.

Section 4

The slate of Officers and Trustees shall be nominated by the Nominating Committee and approved by the Board of Trustees. In addition, Trustees shall be selected by the Board of Trustees to fill the unexpired terms of members of the Board of Trustees whose seats are vacated by death, by resignation, or by the application of Section 6 of this Article IV.  In those instances, an Interim Trustee shall serve in that capacity until the next meeting of the Board of Trustees. If approved by the Board of Trustees, the Interim Trustee will become a Trustee with the subsequent three-year term commencing at the time of the Board of Trustees meeting at which he or she was approved.

Section 5

Upon completion of his/her term of service as a Trustee, each Past President shall become an Emeritus Trustee.

Emeritus Trustees will be invited by the Board to attend special meetings with  the Board of Trustees at the time of the annual scientific sessions.

Section 6

Any voting member of the Board who fails to attend two consecutive regular meetings without valid written excuse shall be automatically dropped from the Board of Trustees.

Section 7

The Chair of the Membership Committee shall be appointed to the Board of Trustees as one of its thirteen members.  The term shall be two-years and will not be eligible for reappointment.

ARTICLE V - Committees

Section 1

The standing committees of the Board of Trustees shall be the following:

  • Audit and Compliance Committee
  • Finance Committee
  • Membership Committee
  • Executive Committee
  • Governance Committee
  • Nominating Committee

The President may recommend to the Board of Trustees the formation of all special task forces to address time-specific needs of the College.

Section 2

All committees shall consist of a Chair and two or more members of the College.  The Nominating Committee shall have the privilege of recommending to the Board of Trustees the appointment and reappointment of committee members, and the filling of vacancies on all committees and task forces as may be necessary to carry on the activities of the College.  

Section 3

The members of all standing and special committees shall hold office until their successors have been appointed. Committee members may serve up to two consecutive three-year terms. After a three-year hiatus from a given committee, members may be reappointed to that committee. Members of ad hoc committees shall hold office until the accomplishment of the purposes for which they were appointed.

Section 4

When requested, Committee Chairs shall report at meetings of the Board of Trustees.

Section 5

The Executive Committee shall include the President, President-Elect, Treasurer, Secretary and one at-large Board member, all of whom shall be nominated by the Nominating Committee and approved by the Board of Trustees. A quorum of this committee shall include all five members, and a majority of votes carries any action, except where provided otherwise by law or by these Bylaws. The Executive Committee meets only in an emergency when a vote is required by the Board of Trustees and a quorum of the Board cannot be met.

Section 6

The Nominating Committee shall consist of a Chair and six members of the College. The immediate Past President shall serve as Chair of the Nominating Committee. The Nominating Committee members shall be appointed by the Governance Committee, subject to approval by the Board of Trustees. Each member shall serve a three-year term. A minimum of five members must be present to achieve a quorum.

The Nominating Committee shall present to the Board of Trustees for its approval a slate of nominees to serve on the committees, Board of Trustees, and a slate of nominees to serve as Officers of the College.  The Nominating Committee shall not nominate any of its members for office.  In addition to the slate submitted by the Nominating Committee, other nominations for each office may be made by submitting such names in writing to the Secretary of the College for presentation to the Board of Trustees. Such nominations must be made in writing, stating clearly the qualifications of the candidate, thirty days in advance of the Board of Trustees meeting and must be signed by ten Fellows and/or AACC members of the College.

ARTICLE VI - Sections

Section 1

Member Sections are formed in order to further the objectives of the College in an area of cardiovascular medicine or practice. The scope of a Section shall be sufficiently broad to represent active professional interests of a substantial segment of the College. Responsibility for creating Sections rests with the Board of Trustees.

Section 2

ACC member Sections shall typically charge annual nominal dues to support Section activities. Only members may join sections.

Section 3

Each Section is governed by a Section Leadership Council proposed by the Section, advanced after review by the Nominating Committee, and approved by the Board of Trustees.  Section Leadership Councils shall function in accordance with the Section’s charge for the purpose of serving the needs of the Section. The Section shall report to the Membership Committee, ensure bi-directional communication between Section members and College leadership, while promoting the strategic mission of the College through Section activities and objectives. The Section Leadership Council shall consist of Section representatives and ex-officio members as described in the charge.

Section 4

The members of Section Leadership Councils shall hold office until their successors have been appointed. Council members may serve up to two consecutive three-year terms. After a three-year hiatus from a given Section Leadership Council, members may be reappointed to that Section Leadership Council.

Section 5

When requested, Section Leadership Council Chairs shall report at meetings of the Board of Trustees.

ARTICLE VII – Officers

Section 1

The Officers of the College shall consist of a President, a President-Elect, , a Secretary and a Treasurer, who shall all serve on the Board of Trustees. The President will serve a one year term without eligibility for reappointment.  Upon immediate conclusion of the term, the President-Elect will assume the office of President, unless the President-Elect’s performance is deemed unsatisfactory as determined by the Board of Trustees in its sole discretion. The President-Elect shall enter upon his/her duties as President at the Convocation of the next annual meeting of the College following his/her selection. The President-Elect shall be a Fellow of the College and must have served at least one term on the Board of Trustees.

Section 2

The President of the College shall preside at all regular meetings of the College and at all Convocations for conferring certificates of Fellowship and the designation of Associate of the College. The President shall be the Chair of the Board of Trustees and the Executive Committee. The President shall preside at all regular and special meetings of the Board and the Executive Committee. The President or his/her designee shall be the principal spokesperson for the College. He/she shall be an ex-officio member of each committee except the Nominating Committee.

Section 3

Any Officer may be removed from office by the affirmative vote of a majority of the Trustees.

Section 4

If the office of President becomes vacant for any cause, the President-Elect shall immediately assume the office of President. If the unexpired term is less than six months, he/she shall succeed to fill his/her own elected term at the end of the substitution period. If the unexpired term is longer than six months, he/she shall be considered to have fulfilled a term as President; the Nominating Committee then functioning shall immediately recommend to the Board of Trustees, and the Board shall elect a President-Elect. During the temporary absence of the President, the President-Elect shall assume the duties of President Pro Tempore.

Section 5

If for any reason the office of President-Elect becomes vacant, the Nominating Committee shall nominate a President-Elect for approval by the Board of Trustees.

Section 6

The President-Elect shall be assigned duties from time to time by the President and/or Board of Trustees.

Section 7

The Chair of the Board of Governors shall serve as Secretary of the College for a non-renewable one year term. He/she shall also perform such other duties as may be delegated by the Board of Trustees.

Section 8

The Chair of the Finance Committee shall serve as Treasurer of the College for a non-renewable three year term.  He/she shall also perform such other duties as may be delegated by the Board of Trustees.

Section 9

The Board of Trustees shall hire a Chief Executive Officer. Under the direction of the Board of Trustees, the Chief Executive Officer shall supervise the activities and business affairs of the College. In accordance with the policies established by the Board of Trustees, the Chief Executive Officer shall: (1) have responsibility and authority for all operations and staffing associated with College activities within the budget approved by the Board of Trustees; (2) direct the executive offices of the College including maintaining all records; (3) oversee annual budget preparation and implementation, and the annual audit of the College finances according to fiscal policies established by the Board (4) perform such other duties as are assigned to him/her by the Board of Trustees; and (5) attend and report to the Board of Trustees at its regular sessions or whenever requested by the Board.

ARTICLE VIII - Meetings

Section 1

An annual meeting and scientific session of the College shall be held for the membership for the transaction of such business as the Board of Trustees deems necessary.

Section 2

A convocation for the purpose of conferring Fellowships and the designation of Associate, presenting awards, and such other functions as may be decided upon by the Board of Trustees, shall be held during each annual meeting.

ARTICLE IX - Board of Governors

Section 1

The Board of Governors is advisory to the Board of Trustees. The mission of the Board of Governors shall be to ensure bi-directional communication between the members of the College and its leadership, while promoting the core missions of the College through actions at the Chapter, non-Chapter, and member level. The Board of Governors shall consist of all elected members and the Cardiovascular Team Chair from the Cardiovascular Team Section Leadership and the Fellow-in-Training Chair of the Fellows in Training Section Leadership Council.

The Governors shall be confirmed by the Board of Trustees in the following manner: It shall be the duty of the Board of Governors Steering Committee to present to the Board of Trustees those elected as their area Governor. The Board of Governors Steering Committee shall request that the each current area Governor, upon completion of the first year of their term, form a Nominations Committee consisting of themselves and the two Immediate Past Governors still residing in the area, or suitable substitutes selected by the current area Governor. The charge to the Governors' Nomination Committees shall be to nominate a slate of two to three individuals eligible, according to the requirements set forth by Board of Governors Steering Committee annually, and willing to serve as Governor-Elect for one year, then Governor for a three-year term. Securing less than two candidates for an election must be approved by the Board of Governors Steering Committee. The Governor’s Nomination Committees shall provide the Board of Governors Steering Committee with a brief explanation of request for a single candidate ballot to include an illustration of efforts to secure more than one eligible candidate.

The slate of candidates shall be presented in ballot form to all voting-eligible members of the area where an election is being held. Voting-eligible members shall include ACC dues-paying members and Emeritus members who reside in that state/region at the time prior to the official opening of the election. No members may change their voting district until after the close of the election. The ballot shall provide opportunity for write-in candidate votes. The nominee with the highest number of votes shall be presented for ratification as the next Governor to the Board of Governors Steering Committee by the area’s current Governor. In the case of a tie vote, the Governor Nomination Committee shall review the credentials for each candidate receiving the highest number of votes and determine the winning nominee. This recommendation will then be forwarded to the Board of Governors Steering Committee for approval and ratification.

The name of each Governor-Elect nominee shall then be presented by the Chair of the Board of Governors to the Board of Trustees for election approval. The new Governors-Elect shall take office at the conclusion of the next Convocation of the College. At the end of their one-year term as Governor-Elect, they shall, without further vote or deliberation, begin a three-year term as Governor.

Each Governor shall serve for one three-year term. No Governor who has served for three years shall be eligible for re-election to succeed himself/herself. A Past Governor may be re-elected after having served if a period of three years intervenes between his/her term of office and his/her re-election. When a Governor's position has been vacated by election to another office, death, resignation, or relocation, the chapter leadership shall appoint an eligible Governor pro tempore to serve out the remaining term. This appointment shall be presented to the Board of Governors Steering Committee for approval at its next regularly scheduled meeting and shall be confirmed by the Board of Trustees at its next regularly scheduled meeting. No member of the Board of Governors, with the exception of the Chair and Chair-Elect shall be a member of the Board of Trustees concurrently.

Section 2

The Chair of the Board of Governors shall have completed a three-year term as governor immediately preceding his/her term as Chair. The nomination for the Chair of the Board of Governors shall be the responsibility of the Nominating Committee of the Board of Governors, subject to the approval of the Board of Governors. This committee shall be appointed annually by the Immediate Past Chair of the Board of Governors.

Section 3

In those areas where domestic Chapters exist, the Governors shall serve concurrently as Chapter President. In states/areas that have multiple Governors or those Chapters representing more than one state, the Governors will alternate the office of Chapter President, each serving an equal duration.

Section 4

The Governor shall represent his/her constituency and participate in the Board of Governors as established in the Board of Governors roles and responsibilities agreement. The Governors roles and responsibilities shall be determined by the Board of Governors Steering Committee. Failure to fulfill these responsibilities is potential grounds for removal from office. If the Board of Governors Steering Committee finds that a Governor has been delinquent in his/her duties, the committee may recommend removal of the Governor to the Board of Trustees. If over a 6 month period the Governor is still not fulfilling his/her duties, the Board of Trustees may remove him/her from office.

ARTICLE X - Chapters

Section 1

Chapters of the College may be organized under guidelines established by the Board of Trustees for the purpose of furthering the objectives of the College.

Section 2

Chapters may be formed in a country, state, province or region where there is a Governor of the College.

Section 3

Each Chapter shall be a not-for-profit corporation or its equivalent outside the United States, with its Articles or Certification of Incorporation and Bylaws approved by the Board of Trustees of the College.

Section 4

The College may terminate Chapter status if the Board of Trustees finds that the Chapter has engaged in activities contrary to the best interests of the College. The Chapter shall be afforded an opportunity to be heard.

ARTICLE XI - Parliamentary Procedures

The latest edition of Roberts' Rules of Order shall govern parliamentary procedures at meetings of the Board of Trustees, the annual meeting of the College, and meetings of any of the various committees.

ARTICLE XII – Ethics and Discipline

Section 1

The College’s Code of Ethics as approved by the Board of Trustees shall be the principles of ethics of the College and its physician members. Allegations of violations of these ethical principles may be brought in accordance with the procedures described in the College’s Professional Conduct Program Procedures. Any member of the College may be disciplined or expelled for conduct which the Ethics & Discipline Committee declares as offending the dignity of or countering the interests of the College. The following shall be grounds for automatic suspension of membership:

    a. Conviction for a felony or

    b. Suspension or termination of the right to practice medicine in any state, province or country by reason of a violation of a medical practice act, other statute or governmental regulation.

Section 2

After review and deliberation in accordance with the procedures described in the College’s Professional Conduct Program Procedures, the Ethics & Discipline Committee shall make one of the following determinations:

    a. No disciplinary action is indicated.

    b. Automatic disciplinary action is indicated.

    c. Disciplinary action is indicated and a sanction is imposed.

Section 3

Disciplinary action, if imposed, shall take one of the following forms:

    (a) Admonition - A written notification, warning, or serious rebuke.

    (b) Censure - A written judgment, condemning the member's action as wrong. This is a firm reprimand.

    (c) Probation - A punitive action, for a stated period of time, during which a member is subject to the following: (i) loses the right to hold office or participate in a program; (ii) retains other privileges or obligations of membership; (iii) is observed by the College for continuing eligibility for membership; and (iv) shall be reconsidered by the Ethics & Discipline Committee at the end of the stated term.

    At the end of the stated term of the probation, the Ethics & Discipline Committee shall, on its own motion, review the record and determine whether the probation shall be removed.

    (d) Suspension - A severe punitive action for an indefinite period during which the member is subject to the following: (i) removal of his/her name from the Membership Directory and from the mailing list of the College; (ii) if a Fellow, return of the Certificate to the College; (iii) obligation to pay non-member registration fee when attending ACC meetings; and (iv) relief from annual dues.

    Suspension shall remain in force for an indefinite period, subject to petition for its removal. The Board of Trustees, in imposing a suspension, may set a minimum time before which no petition for removal may be entertained, or, if no such minimum is prescribed, no petition shall be received until five years have elapsed from the effective date of the suspension.

    A petition for removal of suspension shall be addressed to the Ethics & Discipline Committee.

    A petition for removal of suspension shall conclusively demonstrate that the suspended member meets the requirements for membership in the College in effect at the time of his/her first acceptance into membership, and that during the period of his/her suspension he/she has demonstrated a faithful adherence to the ethical principles of the College.

    The Ethics & Discipline Committee shall consider the petition for removal when properly submitted according to rules it may from time to time prescribe. It may, at its sole discretion, hold hearing on the petition. Only the petitioner shall be notified of a denial by the Ethics & Discipline Committee. If a petition for removal is denied by the Ethics & Discipline Committee, the suspended member may submit a new petition no earlier than twelve months after the previous denial, unless the terms of the denial state otherwise.

    There shall be no right of a suspended member to appear before the Board of Trustees. When suspension is lifted, the member is returned to full privileges and obligations of College membership.

    (e) Expulsion - A permanent severance of relationship with the College. If a Fellow (or MACC), the Certificate of Fellowship (or of MACC) and all other indicia of Fellowship previously issued to him/her by the College must be returned forthwith to the College. He/she shall not hold himself/herself out as, or pretend to be, a Fellow of the American College of Cardiology (or MACC if applicable), thereafter. He/she shall not be eligible for reapplication for membership in the College.

Section 4

Disciplinary action against a member or expulsion of a member from the College may be determined only by the affirmative majority vote of the Ethics and Discipline Committee. A member has the right to appeal a decision of the Ethics & Discipline Committee to the Governance Committee as outlined in the ACC Code of Ethics.

The provisions of this Section 4 shall not apply to automatic suspensions that become effective under Section 2(b).

Section 5

Information about a sanction imposed by the Ethics & Discipline Committee shall be made available to the public and along with the general category of violation for the duration of the sanction. The final written disposition of the case shall be made available upon written request to ACC members. ACC Governors and/or Chapters shall be officially notified of all actions resulting in the probation, suspension or expulsion of an ACC member in that State.

Section 6

The Ethics & Discipline Committee shall consist of a Chair and six Fellows.

ARTICLE XIII - Dissolution

Section 1

In the event of the dissolution of the College, the assets of the College shall be distributed to an organization or organizations engaged in activities similar to those for which the College was established. Such determination shall be made by members of the College at an annual meeting.

Nov. 20, 2000; BOT approved proposed bylaws for ACC 501 (c)(6). March 17, 2001; BOT approved change to Article III, Section 1 (free membership for fellows in training). March 19, 2001; Bylaws approved by membership of the College at the annual meeting.

July 15, 2001; BOT approved change to Article IV, Section 5 (limiting Trustees to a single five-year term).

March 16, 2002; BOT approved International Associate category. Nov. 16, 2002; BOT revised Emeritus category and eliminated Affiliate (Temporary) category.

March 29, 2003; BOT approved title change from EVP to CEO (Article VI, Section 10). (This title change was effective in May 2001.)

July 2003; BOT approved changes to facilitate their approval in March 2003 of new membership category for cardiac care team members.

Dec. 19, 2003; BOT approved revised mission statement and approved changing name of Affiliates-in-Training to Fellows-¬in-Training.

Dec. 10, 2004; BOT approved changes to Inactive Status (Article III, Sections 1 & 3).

March 5, 2005; BOT approved extending FIT membership to other countries (Article II, Section 3).

March 10, 2006; BOT approved amendments to Article XI to conform to ACC’s Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct Program procedures. Aug. 6, 2006; BOT approved amendments to Article VI, Section 2, consistent with the Governance Task Force Report (dated November 17, 2005) and to ensure consistency among governing documents and policies.

February 11, 2007; BOT approved to eliminate the 18 month waiting period before applying for FACC (Article II Section 2)

February 11, 2007; BOT approved to eliminate the 2 year wait before applying for advancement in the College (Article II Section10) March 23, 2007; BOT approved extending CCA membership to clinical pharmacists (Article II Section 2).

March 23, 2007; BOT approved a standing Governance Committee (Article V Section 1).

Dec. 11, 2007; BOT approved amendments to Article VIII Board of Governors (BOG), including BOG mission statement, Governor removal clause, and extended BOG voting privileges to CCA, and other categories.

December, 2010. Partners in Care membership type approved.

December 5, 2011 BOT approved rewording mission statement, Trustee vacancy clause, and Sections and Councils in Article VI.

March, 2012; Addition of public member to Board of Trustees. March, 2013; BOT amended Sections article.

August, 2013; BOT approved BOG BOT Transition and AACC voting rights. December, 2013; Ethics and Discipline Committee suggest edits to Article XII.

August, 2015; Membership types were updated in Article II.

May, 2016; Structural changes to Board of Trustees, Committees, and Officers.