Prevention of Syncope Trial 2 - POST 2
Contribution To Literature:
The POST 2 trial showed that fludrocortisone does not reduce the risk of recurrent syncope at 12 months compared with placebo in patients with vasovagal syncope.
The goal of the trial was to assess the safety and efficacy of fludrocortisone for patients with vasovagal syncope.
Patients were randomized in a 1:1 open-label fashion to either oral fludrocortisone 0.2 mg daily (n = 105) or placebo (n = 105).
- Total number of enrollees: 210
- Duration of follow-up: 364 days (median)
- Mean patient age: 30 years
- Female: 73%
- Age ≥14 years
- Score greater than -3 on Calgary Syncope Symptom Score
- >2 lifetime syncopal spells
- Other causes of syncope
- Significant comorbidities (pacemaker, glaucoma, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hepatic disease, hypertension)
- Clinical need for or contraindication to fludrocortisone, previous use of fludrocortisone
- Postural tachycardia or orthostatic hypotension during 5-minute stand test
Other salient features/characteristics:
- Lifetime spells: 18
- Syncope frequency per year: 2.3
- Mean systolic blood pressure: 113 mm Hg
The primary outcome, syncopal event rates at 12 months for fludrocortisone vs. placebo, was 44% vs. 60.5% (hazard ratio [HR] 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.46-1.03, p = 0.069).
Secondary outcomes for fludrocortisone vs. placebo:
- Restricting analysis only to syncope occurring after 2 weeks: HR 0.62, p = 0.029
- Further restricting to those who achieved stabilized dose of 0.2 mg: HR 0.51, p = 0.019
The results of this trial indicate that fludrocortisone does not reduce the risk of recurrent syncope at 12 months compared with placebo in patients with vasovagal syncope. Given the trend towards benefit though, it is unknown if a longer duration of follow-up in this trial or another trial with a larger sample size would show a significant benefit in favor of fludrocortisone. This condition, although benign, is reasonably common in younger patients, particularly females. None of the other medications, such as midodrine or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, have convincingly been helpful in this patient population either.
Sheldon R, Raj SR, Rose MS, et al. Fludrocortisone for the Prevention of Vasovagal Syncope: A Randomized, Placebo Controlled Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol 2016;68:1-9.
Keywords: Arrhythmias, Cardiac, Fludrocortisone, Midodrine, Primary Prevention, Risk Reduction Behavior, Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors, Syncope, Syncope, Vasovagal, Systole
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