Ventricular Arrhythmias and Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy in Patients With Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Devices: Need for Primary Prevention?

Study Questions:

Is implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy necessary in patients receiving a long-term continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD), and what is the prevalence and significance of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in this patient population?