Obesity and Sleep Apnea Are Independently Associated With Adverse Left Ventricular Remodeling and Clinical Outcome in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Preserved Ventricular Function

Study Questions:

Among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), does sleep apnea (SA) affect left ventricular (LV) remodeling and clinical outcomes?