2015 AHA Guidelines Update for CPR
- Neumar RW, Shuster M, Callaway CW, et al.
- Part 1: Executive Summary. 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation 2015;132:S315-367.
The following are 10 key updates to the 2010 American Heart Association cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines from this summary of the 2015 CPR guidelines:
- It may be reasonable for communities to use social media to summon rescuers who are able to perform CPR to a suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) victim.
- Untrained bystanders should perform compression-only CPR on OHCA victims until arrival of trained personnel, and trained bystanders should add rescue breaths in a ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths.
- For adults victims of OHCA without an advanced airway in place, it is reasonable to pause compressions for <10 seconds to deliver 2 breaths.
- In adults with OHCA, it is reasonable for rescuers to perform chest compressions at 100-120/minute.
- Chest compressions should be performed in adults to a minimum depth of 2 inches and a maximum of 2.4 inches.
- When an automatic external defibrillator (AED) is immediately available, it is reasonable to use the AED as soon as possible in adults with witnessed OHCA.
- Total pre- and post-shock pauses in chest compressions should be as short as possible.
- When an advanced airway is in place, it may be reasonable for a rescuer to deliver 1 breath every 6 seconds during continuous chest compressions.
- It may be reasonable to immediately resume chest compressions after shock delivery without a pause for a rhythm check.
- The routine use of passive ventilation techniques during CPR in adults is not recommended.
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