ACC wishes to thank the editors, authors and question writers who make ACCSAP possible:

Patrick T. O'Gara, MD, MACC

CMP Editor-in-Chief:
Patrick T. O'Gara, MD, MACC

Julia H. Indik, MD, PhD, FACC

CMP Performance Question Editor-in-Chief:
Julia H. Indik, MD, PhD, FACC

Donna M. Polk, MD, MPH, FACC

CMP Practice Question Editor-in-Chief:
Donna M. Polk, MD, MPH, FACC

Vera Bittner, MD, FACC

ACCSAP Editor-in-Chief:
Vera Bittner, MD, FACC

Arrhythmias Topic Editor
Peter A. Brady, MB, CHB, FACC  
 
Arrhythmias Topic Authors
Adrian M. Baranchuk, MD, FACC Susan S. Kim, MD, FACC
Peter A. Brady, MB, CHB, FACC Pier D. Lambiase, MD, PhD
Jane Chen, MD, FACC Daniel S. Modaff, MD
L. Lee Eckhardt, MD, FHRS Walid I. Saliba, MD, FACC
Andres Enriquez, MD Dan Sorajja, MD, FACC
Mitchell N. Faddis MD, PhD, FACC Win-Kuang Shen, MD, FACC
Benedict Glover, MD Usha B. Tedrow, MD, MSc
Zachary D. Goldberger, MD, FACC Nishant Verma, MD, MPH
Blair P. Grubb, MD, FACC Paul J. Wang, MD, FACC
Craig T. January, MD, PhD, FACC Jeffrey R. Winterfield, MD
 
Coronary Artery Disease Topic Editor
David A. Morrow, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Coronary Artery Disease Topic Authors
C. Noel Bairey Merz, MD, FACC David F. Kong, MD, AM, FACC
Subhash Banerjee, MD, FACC Amir Lerman, MD
Erin A. Bohula, MD, Dphil John A. McPherson, MD, FACC
Emmanouil S. Brilakis, MD, PhD, FACC Venu Menon, MBBS, FACC
Marcelo F. Di Carli, MD, FACC L. Kristin Newby, MD, MHS
William F. Fearon, MD, FACC Vivian Ng, MD, FACC
Peter Ganz, MD Michelle L. O'Donoghue, MD, MPH
Michael C. Gavin , MD, MPH, FACC Carl J. Pepine, MD, MACC
Robert P Giugliano, MD, SM, FACC Benjamin M. Scirica, MD, MPH, FACC
Paul A. Gurbel, MD, FACC, FSCAI, FAHA Nathaniel R. Smilowitz, MD
Elias V. Haddad, MD, FACC Udaya S. Tantry, PhD
Akshay Khandelwal MD, FACC, FSCAI Viviany R. Taqueti, MD, MPH, FACC
Henry E. Kim, MD, MPH, FACC R. Jay Widmer, MD, PhD
Ajay J. Kirtane MD, SM, FACC Robert W. Yeh, MD, MSc, FACC
 
Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathy Topic Editor
Akshay S. Desai, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathy Topic Authors
Maya Barghash, MD Anju Nohria, MD
Barry Borlaug, MD, FACC Michael W. Rich, MD, FACC
Leslie T. Cooper, MD, FACC Kavita Sharma, MD
Mark H. Drazner MD, FACC Jeffrey Teuteberg, MD, FACC
Michael M. Givertz, MD, FACC Jennifer Thibodeau, MD, MScs
Neal K. Lakdawala MD Justin M. Vader, MD
Melissa A. Lyle, MD Eric J. Velazquez, MD, FACC
Robert J. Mentz, MD Haider Warraich, MD
Raja Kannan Mutharasan, MD  
 
Valvular Disease Topic Editor
Linda D. Gillam, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Valvular Disease Topic Authors
Dabit Arzamendi, MD, MS, PhD Stephen H. Little, MD, FACC
Thomas M. Bashore, MD, FACC Anuj Mediratta, MD
Mohammed A. Chamsi-Pasha, MD, FACC Xavier Millán, MD, PhD
Andrew M. Cheng, MD Catherine M. Otto, MD, FACC
Doreen DeFaria Yeh, MD, FACC Igor F. Palacios, MD, FACC
Estefanía Fernández Peregrina, MD Basel Ramlawi, MD, FACC
Linda D. Gillam, MD, MPH, FACC Vera H. Rigolin, MD, FACC
Homam Ibrahim, MD Vincent Sorrell, MD, FACC, FASE
Priya Kohli, MD, MPH, FACC Andrew Wang, MD, FACC
John Kotter, MD Mathew R. Williams, MD, FACC
 
Pericardial Disease Topic Editor
Terrence Welch, MD, FACC  
 
Pericardial Disease Topic Writers
Patrick Collier, MD, PhD Massimo Imazio, MD
Paul C. Cremer, MD Alan Klein, MD, FACC
Brian D. Hoit, MD, FACC  
 
Congenital Heart Disease Topic Editor
Eric V. Krieger, MD, FACC  
 
Congenital Heart Disease Topic Writers
Thomas M. Bashore, MD, FACC Todd L. Kiefer, MD, FACC
Alan C. Braverman, MD, FACC Richard A. Krasuski, MD, FACC
Joanna Ghobrial, MD, MSc Anne Marie Valente, MD, FACC
 
Vascular Diseases Topic Editor
Ido Weinberg, MD, MSc, FACC  
 
Vascular Diseases Topic Writers
Ethem Murat Arsava, MD Siva S. Ketha, MBBS
Geoffrey D. Barnes, MD, MSc, FACC Raghu Kolluri, MBBS, FACC
Minakshi Biswas, MD Vladimir Lakhter, DO
Samih W. Bittar, MD Eli Miloslavsky, MD
Marc P. Bonaca, MD, MPH R. Kevin Rogers, MD, MSc, RPVI
Andrew Galmer, DO Rahul Sakhuja, MD, MPP, MSc, FACC
Jonathan Graff-Radford, MD, PhD Mitchell D. Weinberg, MD
Mahmut E. Gurol, MD  
 
Systemic Hypertension and Hypotension Topic Editor
Clive Rosendorff, MD, PHD, FACC  
 
Systemic Hypertension and Hypotension Topic Writers
Italo Biaggioni, MD Clive Rosendorff, MD, PhD, FACC
James A. Muldowney III, MD  
 
Pulmonary Circulation Disorders Topic Editor
Vallerie V. McLaughlin, MD, FACC  
 
Pulmonary Circulation Disorders Topic Writers
Geoffrey D. Barnes, MD, MSc, FACC Nick H. Kim, MD
Thomas Cascino, MD, MSc Mardi Gomberg-Maitland, MD, MSc, FACC
Richard N. Channick, MD Myung H. Park, MD, FACC
Robert P. Frantz, MD, FACC Jonathan D. Rich, MD
Anna Hemnes, MD  
 
Systemic Disorders Affecting the Circulatory System Topic Editor
John A. McPherson, MD, FACC  
 
Systemic Disorders Affecting the Circulatory System Topic Writers
Aaron W. Aday, MD, MSc Matthew S. Freiberg, MD, MSc
David Aguilar, MD T. Alp Ikizler, MD
Nathan E. Ashby, MD Jason N. Katz, MD, MHS
Joshua A. Beckman, MD, MS, FACC Esther S.H. Kim, MD, MPH
Julie B. Damp, MD, FACC Larry W. Markham, MD, MSCR
Matthew J. Feinstein, MD, MSc Javid Moslehi, MD
 
Prevention Topic Editor
Pamela B. Morris, MD, FACC  
 
Prevention Topic Writers
C. Noel Bairey Merz, MD, FACC Carl E. Orringer, MD, FACC
Prakash C. Deedwania, MD, FACC Anand Rohatgi, MD, MSc, FACC
Danny J. Eapen, MD Jia Shen, MD, MPH
Martha Gulati, MD, MS, FACC Laurence Sperling, MD, FACC, FACP, FAHA, FASPC
Richard A. Josephson, MD, MS, FACC, FAHA, FACP, FAACVPR Salim S. Virani, MD, PhD
Mirza Umair Khalid, MD, PhD Nathan D. Wong, PhD, FACC
Amit Khera, MD, MSc, FACC Eugene Yang, MD, FACC
Aditya K. Khetan, MD  
 
General Principles of Cardiovascular Medicine Topic Editor
Frederick A. Masoudi, MD, MSPH, FACC  
 
General Principles of Cardiovascular Medicine Topic Writers
Larry A. Allen, MD, MHS, FACC Elizabeth Magnuson, PhD
Lori B. Daniels, MD, MAS, FACC George A. Mensah, MD
Thomas A. Gaziano, MD, MSc, FACC
 
Miscellaneous Topics in Cardiovascular Medicine Topic Editor
Kathryn L. Berlacher, MD, FACC  
 
Miscellaneous Topics in Cardiovascular Medicine Topic Writers
Ferhaan Ahmad, MD, PhD Sarah Kohnstamm, MD
Joshua A. Beckman, MD, MS, FACC Kathryn J. Lindley, MD, FACC
Erin A. Bohula, MD, DPhil Taylor Miller, PharmD
Kim A. Eagle, MD, MACC Debabrata Mukherjee, MD, MS, FACC
Andrea M. Elliott, MD Joseph P. Ornato, MD, FACC
Michael S. Emery, MD, MS, FACC Sanjay R. Patel, MD, MS
Michael V. Genuardi, MD, MS Mary Ann Peberdy, MD, FACC
Salim S. Hayek, MD
 
Testing for Cardiovascular Disease Topic Editor
Scott M. Lilly, MD, PHD, FACC  
 
Testing for Cardiovascular Disease Topic Writers
Shikhar Agarwal, MD, MPH, FACC Daniella Kadian-Dodov, MD
Sripal Bangalore, MD, MHA, FACC, FAHA, FSCAI Scott Lilly, MD, PhD, FACC
Matthew J. Budoff, MD, FACC Jason Linefsky, MD, MS, FACC
Andrea Cardona, MD, PhD, FACC Jagat Narula, MD, PhD, MACC
Vasken Dilsizian, MD, FACC Saurabh Rajpal, MD, FACC
Mackram F. Eleid, MD, FACC, FSCAI Subha V. Raman, MD, FACC
Rosario Freeman, MD, MS, FACC Matthew Tong, DO, FACC
Judith Goldfinger, MD, FACC Todd Villines, MD, FACC
Thura Harfi, MD Karolina M. Zareba, MD
 
Performance Question Editor
Julia H. Indik, MD, PhD, FACC  
 
Performance Question Writers
Nazem Akoum, MD, FACC Anna McDivit Mizzell, MD, FACC
Reza Arsanjani, MD W. Michael Milks, MD, FACC
Nicole Bhave, MD, FACC James Mudd, MD
Naomi F. Botkin, MD, FACC Daniel Muñoz, MD, FACC
Elisa Bradley, MD, FACC Anya Narezkina, MD
Robert T. Eberhardt, MD, FACC Maitreya Thakkar, MBBS, FACC
Nkechinyere Ijioma, MBBS, FACC Cary C. Ward, MD, FACC
Dinesh H. Jagasia, MBBS, FACC Ali N. Zaidi, MD, FACC
Payal Kohli, MD, FACC
 
Practice Question Editor
Donna M. Polk, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Practice Question Writers
Thomas M. Bashore, MD, FACC Lisa Rose-Jones, MD, FACC
Lorrel Brown Toft, MD, FACC Justin Sadhu, MD, FACC
Gregory A. Dadekian, MD, FACC Victor Soukoulis, MD, PhD, FACC
Jeremiah P. Depta, MD, FACC Lakshmi Suma Tummala, MD, FACC
Michelle Maya Kittleson, MD, FACC Pam Taub, MD, FACC
Brigid McKenna Carlson, MD Justin M. Vader, MD, FACC
Matthew W. Parker, MD, FACC Ralph J. Verdino, MD, FACC
Keri M. Shafer, MD, FACC