ACC wishes to thank the editors, authors and question writers who make ACCSAP possible:

Patrick T. O'Gara, MD, MACC

CMP Editor-in-Chief:
Patrick T. O'Gara, MD, MACC

Julia H. Indik, MD, PhD, FACC

CMP Performance Question Editor-in-Chief:
Julia H. Indik, MD, PhD, FACC

Donna M. Polk, MD, MPH, FACC

CMP Practice Question Editor-in-Chief:
Donna M. Polk, MD, MPH, FACC

Jeffrey T. Kuvin, MD, FACC

ACCSAP Editor-in-Chief:
Jeffrey T. Kuvin, MD, FACC

Arrhythmias Topic Editor
Peter A. Brady, MB, CHB, FACC  
 
Arrhythmias Topic Authors
Adrian M. Baranchuk, MD, FACC Susan S. Kim, MD, FACC
Peter A. Brady, MB, CHB, FACC Pier D. Lambiase, MD, PhD
Jane Chen, MD, FACC Daniel S. Modaff, MD
L. Lee Eckhardt, MD, FHRS Walid I. Saliba, MD, FACC
Andres Enriquez, MD Dan Sorajja, MD, FACC
Mitchell N. Faddis MD, PhD, FACC Win-Kuang Shen, MD, FACC
Benedict Glover, MD Usha B. Tedrow, MD, MSc
Zachary D. Goldberger, MD, FACC Nishant Verma, MD, MPH
Blair P. Grubb, MD, FACC Paul J. Wang, MD, FACC
Craig T. January, MD, PhD, FACC Jeffrey R. Winterfield, MD
 
Coronary Artery Disease Topic Editor
David A. Morrow, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Coronary Artery Disease Topic Authors
C. Noel Bairey Merz, MD, FACC Ajay J. Kirtane MD, SM, FACC
Subhash Banerjee, MD, FACC David F. Kong, MD, AM, FACC
Erin A. Bohula, MD, Dphil Amir Lerman, MD
Emmanouil S. Brilakis, MD, PhD, FACC John A. McPherson, MD, FACC
Marcelo F. Di Carli, MD, FACC Venu Menon, MBBS, FACC
William F. Fearon, MD, FACC L. Kristin Newby, MD, MHS
Peter Ganz, MD Vivian Ng, MD, FACC
Michael C. Gavin , MD, MPH, FACC Michelle L. O'Donoghue, MD, MPH
Robert P Giugliano, MD, SM, FACC Carl J. Pepine, MD, MACC
Paul A. Gurbel, MD, FACC, FSCAI, FAHA Benjamin M. Scirica, MD, MPH, FACC
Elias V. Haddad, MD, FACC Udaya S. Tantry, PhD
Glenn A. Hirsch, MD, MHS, FACC R. Jay Widmer, MD, PhD
Akshay Khandelwal MD, FACC, FSCAI Robert W. Yeh, MD, MSc, FACC
Henry E. Kim, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathy Topic Editor
Akshay S. Desai, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathy Topic Authors
Barry Borlaug, MD, FACC Robert J. Mentz, MD
Robert T. Cole, MD Jose Nativi-Nicolau, MD
Leslie T. Cooper, MD, FACC Anju Nohria, MD
Mark H. Drazner MD, FACC Michael W. Rich, MD, FACC
Chantal El Amm, MD Nancy Sweitzer, MD, PhD
Mahazarin Ginwalla, MD, MS Wai Hong Wilson Tang, MD, FACC
Michael M. Givertz, MD, FACC Jeffrey Teuteberg, MD, FACC
Marvin A. Konstam, MD, FACC Jennifer Thibodeau, MD, MScs
Neal K. Lakdawala MD Justin M. Vader, MD
Sangjin Lee, MD Mauricio Velez, MD
Aditya Mandawat, MD Eric J. Velazquez, MD, FACC
Martin S. Maron, MD  
 
Valvular Disease Topic Editor
Linda D. Gillam, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Valvular Disease Topic Authors
Dabit Arzamendi, MD, MS, PhD Stephen H. Little, MD, FACC
Thomas M. Bashore, MD, FACC Anuj Mediratta, MD
Mohammed A. Chamsi-Pasha, MD, FACC Xavier Millán, MD, PhD
Andrew M. Cheng, MD Catherine M. Otto, MD, FACC
Doreen DeFaria Yeh, MD, FACC Igor F. Palacios, MD, FACC
Estefanía Fernández Peregrina, MD Basel Ramlawi, MD, FACC
Linda D. Gillam, MD, MPH, FACC Vera H. Rigolin, MD, FACC
Homam Ibrahim, MD Vincent Sorrell, MD, FACC, FASE
Priya Kohli, MD, MPH, FACC Andrew Wang, MD, FACC
John Kotter, MD Mathew R. Williams, MD, FACC
 
Pericardial Disease Topic Editor
Terrence Welch, MD, FACC  
 
Pericardial Disease Topic Writers
Patrick Collier, MD, PhD Massimo Imazio, MD
Paul C. Cremer, MD Alan Klein, MD, FACC
Brian D. Hoit, MD, FACC  
 
Congenital Heart Disease Topic Editor
Eric V. Krieger, MD, FACC  
 
Congenital Heart Disease Topic Writers
Thomas M. Bashore, MD, FACC Todd L. Kiefer, MD, FACC
Alan C. Braverman, MD, FACC Richard A. Krasuski, MD, FACC
Luke James Burchill, MD Anne Marie Valente, MD, FACC
Joanna Ghobrial, MD, MSc  
 
Vascular Diseases Topic Editor
Ido Weinberg, MD, MSc, FACC  
 
Vascular Diseases Topic Writers
Ethem Murat Arsava, MD Siva S. Ketha, MBBS
Geoffrey D. Barnes, MD, MSc, FACC Raghu Kolluri, MBBS, FACC
Minakshi Biswas, MD Vladimir Lakhter, DO
Samih W. Bittar, MD Eli Miloslavsky, MD
Marc P. Bonaca, MD, MPH R. Kevin Rogers, MD, MSc, RPVI
Andrew Galmer, DO Rahul Sakhuja, MD, MPP, MSc, FACC
Jonathan Graff-Radford, MD, PhD Mitchell D. Weinberg, MD
Mahmut E. Gurol, MD  
 
Systemic Hypertension and Hypotension Topic Editor
Clive Rosendorff, MD, PHD, FACC  
 
Systemic Hypertension and Hypotension Topic Writers
Italo Biaggioni, MD Clive Rosendorff, MD, PhD, FACC
James A. Muldowney III, MD  
 
Pulmonary Circulation Disorders Topic Editor
Vallerie V. McLaughlin, MD, FACC  
 
Pulmonary Circulation Disorders Topic Writers
Richard N. Channick, MD Vallerie V. McLaughlin, MD, FACC
Kelly Chin, MD Mardi Gomberg-Maitland, MD, MSc, FACC
Robert P. Frantz, MD, FACC Ronald J. Oudiz, MD, FACC
Anna Hemnes, MD Myung H. Park, MD, FACC
Nick H. Kim, MD  
 
Systemic Disorders Affecting the Circulatory System Topic Editor
John A. McPherson, MD, FACC  
 
Systemic Disorders Affecting the Circulatory System Topic Writers
Aaron W. Aday, MD, MSc Matthew S. Freiberg, MD, MSc
David Aguilar, MD T. Alp Ikizler, MD
Nathan E. Ashby, MD Jason N. Katz, MD, MHS
Joshua A. Beckman, MD, MS, FACC Esther S.H. Kim, MD, MPH
Julie B. Damp, MD, FACC Larry W. Markham, MD, MSCR
Matthew J. Feinstein, MD, MSc Javid Moslehi, MD
 
Prevention Topic Editor
Vera Bittner, MD, FACC  
 
Prevention Topic Writers
C. Noel Bairey Merz, MD, FACC Pamela B. Morris, MD, FACC
Prakash C. Deedwania, MD, FACC Carl E. Orringer, MD, FACC
Danny J. Eapen, MD Anand Rohatgi, MD, MSc, FACC
Martha Gulati, MD, MS, FACC Jia Shen, MD, MPH
Richard A. Josephson, MD, MS, FACC, FAHA, FACP, FAACVPR Laurence Sperling, MD, FACC, FACP, FAHA, FASPC
Mirza Umair Khalid, MD, PhD Salim S. Virani, MD, PhD
Amit Khera, MD, MSc, FACC Nathan D. Wong, PhD, FACC
Aditya K. Khetan, MD  
 
General Principles of Cardiovascular Medicine Topic Editor
Frederick A. Masoudi, MD, MSPH, FACC  
 
General Principles of Cardiovascular Medicine Topic Writers
Larry A. Allen, MD, MHS, FACC George A. Mensah, MD
Lori B. Daniels, MD, MAS, FACC Tochukwu M. Okwuosa, DO, FACC
Thomas A. Gaziano, MD, MSc, FACC John S. Rumsfeld, MD, PhD, FACC
Elizabeth Magnuson, PhD Annabelle Santos Volgman, MD, FACC
Frederick A. Masoudi, MD, MSPH, FACC  
 
Miscellaneous Topics in Cardiovascular Medicine Topic Editor
Kathryn L. Berlacher, MD, FACC  
 
Miscellaneous Topics in Cardiovascular Medicine Topic Writers
Benjamin S. Abella, MD, Mphil Karl B. Kern, MD, FACC
Ferhaan Ahmad, MD, PhD Christine E. Lawless, MD, MBA, FACC
Joshua A. Beckman, MD, MS, FACC Atul Malhotra, MD
Natalia Berry, MD, MBA Taylor Miller, PharmD
Ami B. Bhatt, MD, FACC David A. Morrow, MD, MPH, FACC
Nicole M. Bhave, MD, FACC Debabrata Mukherjee, MD, MS, FACC
Erin A. Bohula, MD, DPhil Joseph P. Ornato, MD, FACC
Kim A. Eagle, MD, MACC Robert L. Owens, MD
Andrea M. Elliott, MD Mary Ann Peberdy, MD, FACC
Michael S. Emery, MD, MS, FACC Farris K. Timimi, MD, FACC
Salim S. Hayek, MD Cary C. Ward, MD, FACC
 
Testing for Cardiovascular Disease Topic Editor
Scott M. Lilly, MD, PHD, FACC  
 
Testing for Cardiovascular Disease Topic Writers
Subhi J. Al'Aref, MD, FACC Scott Lilly, MD, PhD, FACC
Shikhar Agarwal, MD, MPH, FACC Jason Linefsky, MD, MS, FACC
Sripal Bangalore, MD, MHA, FACC, FAHA, FSCAI James K. Min, MD, FACC, FESC, FSCCT
Matthew J. Budoff, MD, FACC Jagat Narula, MD, PhD, MACC
Vasken Dilsizian, MD, FACC Subha V. Raman, MD, FACC
Mackram F. Eleid, MD, FACC, FSCAI Leslee J. Shaw, PhD, FACC, FASNC, FAHA, FSCCT
Rosario Freeman, MD, MS, FACC Matthew Tong, DO, FACC
Michael R. Jaff, DO, FACC Karolina M. Zareba, MD
Daniella Kadian-Dodov, MD  
 
Performance Question Editor
Julia H. Indik, MD, PhD, FACC  
 
Performance Question Writers
Nazem Akoum, MD, FACC Anna McDivit Mizzell, MD, FACC
Reza Arsanjani, MD W. Michael Milks, MD, FACC
Nicole Bhave, MD, FACC James Mudd, MD
Naomi F. Botkin, MD, FACC Daniel Muñoz, MD, FACC
Elisa Bradley, MD, FACC Anya Narezkina, MD
Robert T. Eberhardt, MD, FACC Maitreya Thakkar, MBBS, FACC
Nkechinyere Ijioma, MBBS, FACC Cary C. Ward, MD, FACC
Dinesh H. Jagasia, MBBS, FACC Ali N. Zaidi, MD, FACC
Payal Kohli, MD, FACC
 
Practice Question Editor
Donna M. Polk, MD, MPH, FACC  
 
Practice Question Writers
Thomas M. Bashore, MD, FACC Lisa Rose-Jones, MD, FACC
Lorrel Brown Toft, MD, FACC Justin Sadhu, MD, FACC
Gregory A. Dadekian, MD, FACC Victor Soukoulis, MD, PhD, FACC
Jeremiah P. Depta, MD, FACC Lakshmi Suma Tummala, MD, FACC
Michelle Maya Kittleson, MD, FACC Pam Taub, MD, FACC
Brigid McKenna Carlson, MD Justin M. Vader, MD, FACC
Matthew W. Parker, MD, FACC Ralph J. Verdino, MD, FACC
Keri M. Shafer, MD, FACC