ACC wishes to thank the editors, authors and question writers who make CathSAP possible:

Patrick T. O'Gara, MD, MACC

CMP Editor-in-Chief:
Patrick T. O'Gara, MD, MACC

Sunil V. Rao, MD, FACC, FSCAI

CathSAP Co-Editor-in-Chief:
Sunil V. Rao, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Frederick G.P. Welt, MD, FACC, FSCAI

CathSAP Co-Editor-in-Chief:
Frederick G.P. Welt, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Julia H. Indik, MD, PhD, FACC

CMP Performance Question Editor-in-Chief:
Julia H. Indik, MD, PhD, FACC

Donna M. Polk, MD, MPH, FACC

CMP Practice Question Editor-in-Chief:
Donna M. Polk, MD, MPH, FACC

 
Case Selection & Management Topic Editor
Matthew J. Price, MD, FACC  
 
Case Selection & Management Authors
Alison L. Bailey, MD, FACC, FAACVPR Glenn N. Levine, MD, FACC, FAHA
Charles L. Campbell, MD, FACC Debabrata Mukherjee, MD, MS, FACC, FSCAI
Anthony H. Gershlick, BSc, MB, BS, FRCP Srihari S. Naidu, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Mohammed Hasan Khan, MD Abhiram Prasad, MD, FACC
Scott Kinlay, MBBS, PhD, FACC, FSCAI Lorrel E.B. Toft, MD, FACC
Thomas A. Kite, BMedSci, BM, BS, MRCP  
 
Procedural Techniques Topic Editors
Sripal Bangalore, MD, MHA, FACC, FAHA, FSCAI David E. Kandzari, MD, FACC, FSCAI
 
Procedural Techniques Topic Authors
J. Dawn Abbott, MD, FACC, FSCAI Sanjit S. Jolly, MD, MSc
Ziad A. Ali, MD, DPhil Navin Kapur, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Manrique Alvarez, MD, FACC Dimitri Karmpaliotis, MD, PhD, FACC, FSCAI
Robert J. Applegate, MD, FACC, MSCAI Prashant Kaul, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Sripal Bangalore, MD, MHA, FACC, FAHA, FSCAI Morgan S. Kellogg, MD
Jeffrey S. Berger, MD, MS, FACC Ajay J. Kirtane, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Deepak L. Bhatt, MD, MPH, FACC, FSCAI Azeem Latib, MD, FACC
Emmanouil S. Brilakis, MD, PhD, FACC, FSCAI Roxana Mehran, MD, FAHA, FACC, FESC, MSCAI
Eddie D. Brown, DO Aravinda Nanjundappa, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Robert A. Byrne, MB, BCh, PhD, FESC Rajeev Narayan, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Jeffrey Cavendish, MD, FACC, FSCAI Megha Prasad, MD, MS
Bimmer Claessen, MD, PhD, FESC Nathaniel Rosso Smilowitz, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Antonio Colombo, MD, FACC, MSCAI Mark W. Sheldon, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Charles J. Davidson, MD, FACC, FSCAI Ranya N. Sweis, MD, MS, FACC, FSCAI
Douglas E. Drachman, MD, FACC, FSCAI Ron Waksman, MD, FACC, FSCAI
William F. Fearon, MD, FACC, FSCAI Jose Winter, MD
Elizabeth M. Holper, MD, MPH, FACC, FSCAI Robert W. Yeh, MD, MSc, FACC, FSCAI
 
Complications of Coronary Intervention Topic Editor
Sripal Bangalore, MD, MHA, FACC, FAHA, FSCAI  
 
Complications of Coronary Intervention Authors
Usman Baber, MD, MS Ailin Barseghian El-Farra, MD, FACC
Emmanouil S. Brilakis, MD, PhD, FACC, FSCAI John M. Lasala, MD, PHD, MSCAI, FACC
Michael Daniel, MD Arnold Seto, MD, MPA, FACC, FSCAI
 
Catheter-Based Management of Noncoronary Disease Topic Editors
Pinak Bipin Shah, MD, FACC, FSCAI Mehdi H. Shishehbor, DO, MPH, FACC, FSCAI
 
Catheter-Based Management of Noncoronary Disease Topic Authors
Herbert D. Aronow, MD, MPH, FACC, FSCAI Richard A. Krasuski, MD, FACC
Joshua A. Beckman, MD, MSc, FACC Amar Krishnaswamy, MD, FACC
Natalia C. Berry, MD, MBA, FACC Robert J. Lederman, MD, FACC, FSCAI
David C. Booth, MD, FACC Jun Li, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Joseph Campbell, MD Angela Lowenstern, MD
Teresa L. Carman, MD, RPVI, MSVM Chad McRee, MD, FACC
Leslie Cho, MD, FACC Debabrata Mukherjee, MD, MS, FACC, FSCAI
Patrick Collier, MD, PhD Andres M. Pineda, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Mackram F. Eleid, MD, FACC, FSCAI John F. Rhodes, Jr., MD
Andrew M. Goldsweig, MD, FACC, FSCAI Michael Rinaldi, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Tarek A. Hammad, MD Marco Roffi, MD, FACC
J. Kevin Harrison, MD, FACC James D. Rossen, MD, FACC
Ignacio Inglessis, MD, FSCAI John Serfas, MD
Vidyasagar Kalahasti, MD, FACC Arnold H. Seto, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Samir R. Kapadia, MD, FACC, FSCAI Pinak Bipin Shah, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Morton J. Kern, MD, MSCAI, FACC, FAH Paul Sorajja, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Todd Kiefer, MD, FACC John P. Vavalle, MD, MHS, FACC
Esther S.H. Kim, MD, MPH, FACC Andrew Wang, MD, FACC
Chad Kliger, MD, FACC, FSCAI  
 
Basic Science Topic Editor
Aloke V. Finn, MD  
 
Basic Science Topic Authors
Jefferson T. Baer, MD, MPH, FACC Michael J. Lipinski, MD, PhD
Liang Guo, PhD David J. Moliterno, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Anwer K. Habib, MD, FACC Vinayak Nagaraja, MBBS, MS, MMed (Clin Epi), FRACP
Samir R. Kapadia MD, MBBS, FACC, FSCAI Maria E. Romero, MD, FCAP
Rika Kawakami, MD Atsushi Sakamoto, MD
Sun Moon Kim, MD, FACC Pratik B. Sandesara, MD
  Yu Sato, MD
 
Anatomy, Anatomic Variants, Anatomic Pathology Topic Editor
Arnold H. Seto, MD, FACC, FSCAI  
 
Anatomy, Anatomic Variants, Anatomic Pathology Topic Authors
Paolo Angelini, MD Rahul Sakhuja, MD, MPP, MSc
Subramanian Krishnan, MD  
 
Pharmacology Topic Editor
Ajay J. Kirtane, MD, FACC, FSCAI  
 
Pharmacology Topic Authors
John H. Alexander, MD, MHS, FACC A. Michael Lincoff, MD, FACC
Somjot Singh Brar, MD, FACC John J. Lopez, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Steven P. Dunn, PharmD, FAHA Tracy E. Macaulay, PharmD, AACC, BCPS (AQ Cardiology)
Aakash Garg, MD Guillaume Marquis-Gravel, MD, MSc, FACC, FRCPC
Paul A. Gurbel, MD, FACC Grant W. Reed, MD, MSc, FACC
Akshay Khandelwal, MD, FACC, FSCAI Udaya S. Tantry, PhD
Henry E. Kim, MD, MPH, FACC Sergio Waxman, MD, MBA
 
Cardiac Imaging & Assessment Topic Editor
Ziad A. Ali, MD, DPhil  
 
Cardiac Imaging & Assessment Topic Authors
Ali O. Abualsaud, MD, FRCPC Steve W. Leung, MD, FACC, FASE, FSCCT, FSCMR
Jie Jane Cao, MD, MPH, FACC Mamoo Nakamura, MD, FACC
Joaquin E. Cigarroa, MD, FACC, FSCAI Arnold H. Seto, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Mark J. Eisenberg, MD, MPH, FACC Vincent L. Sorrell, MD, FACC, FACP, FASE, FSCCT, FSCMR
Saibal Kar, MD, FACC, FSCAI Mladen I. Vidovich, M.D., FACC, FSCAI
Morton J. Kern, MD, MSCAI, FACC, FAHA  
 
Miscellaneous Topic Editor
Usman Baber, MD, MS  
 
Miscellaneous Topic Authors
Mazen Abu-Fadel, MD, FACC, FSCAI Ty J. Gluckman, MD, FACC
Alison L. Bailey, MD, FACC, FAACVPR David F. Kong, MD, AM, DMT, FACC, FSCAI
Steven M. Bradley, MD, MPH, FACC Dharam J. Kumbhani, MD, SM, FACC, FSCAI
Charles L. Campbell, MD, FACC  
 
Perfomance Question Writers
Anu Abraham, MD Sara Martinez, MD
Subhash Banerjee, MD, FACC, FSCAI Michael C. McDaniel, MD, FACC
Colin M. Barker, MD, FACC, FSCAI Adhir Ramesh Shroff, MD, MPH, FACC, FSCAI
Floyd David Fortuin II, MD, FSCAI Marc Cohen, MD, FACC
Sanjay K. Gandhi, MD, FACC, FSCAI Thomas J. Povsic, MD, PhD, FACC, FSCAI
Ki Park, MD, FACC Madhan Shanmugasundaram, MBBS, FACC, FSCAI
Gautam Kumar, MD, FACC, FSCAI Daniel Howard Steinberg, MD, FACC, FSCAI
David P. Lee, MD, FACC, FSCAI Rajesh Swaminathan, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Kwan Lee, MD, FACC, FSCAI Huu Tam Doan Truong, MD, FACC, FSCAI
 
Practice Question Writers
Bina Ahmed, MD, FACC, FSCAI Chad Kliger, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Chandan M. Devireddy, MD, FACC, FSCAI Eric Alan Osborn, MD,PHD, FACC, FSCAI
Dmitriy N. Feldman, MD, FACC, FSCAI Sammy Elmariah, MD, MPH, FACC, FSCAI
Santiago Garcia, MD, FACC, FSCAI Keshav R. Nayak, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Beau Michael Hawkins, MD, FACC, FSCAI Puja Parikh, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Sasanka N. Jayasuriya, MBBS, FACC, FSCAI Joseph Rossi, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Prashant Kaul, MD, FACC, FSCAI William Schuyler Jones, MD, FACC
Andrew J. Klein, MD, FACC, FSCAI