61-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension and Diabetes

Case Presentation:
A 61-year-old woman with hypertension and diabetes, recently hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia, presents to the Emergency Department with shortness of breath and productive cough 14 days after discharge. She has a 40 pack per year cigarette smoking history. Her body mass index (BMI) is 48 kg/m2. CT-angiography demonstrates multiple bilateral pulmonary emboli. The patient is re-admitted. She is treated with intravenous heparin followed by oral rivaroxaban and is discharged home feeling better.

Which of the following were risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in this patient?

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