Colchicine Cardiovascular Outcomes Trial - COLCOT
Contribution To Literature:
The COLCOT trial showed that colchicine was effective at preventing major adverse cardiac events after a myocardial infarction.
The goal of the trial was to evaluate colchicine compared with placebo administered within 30 days of a myocardial infarction.
Patients who suffered a myocardial infarction within the last 30 days were randomized to colchicine 0.5 mg daily (n = 2,366) versus placebo (n = 2,379).
- Total number of enrollees: 4,745
- Duration of follow-up: median 22.6 months
- Mean patient age: 61 years
- Percentage female: 20%
- Percentage with diabetes: 20%
- Myocardial infarction within the last 30 days and completion of all intended coronary revascularization
- Type 2 myocardial infarction
- Severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction or heart failure
- Stroke within the last 3 months
- Coronary artery bypass surgery within the last 3 years
- Cancer within the last 3 years
- History of inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhea, neuromuscular disease, significant hepatic or renal disease, drug or alcohol abuse, glucocorticoid therapy, or sensitivity to colchicine
Other salient features/characteristics:
- 93% underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for their index myocardial infarction
- Mean time from myocardial infarction to randomization was 13.5 days
The primary efficacy outcome, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, resuscitated cardiac arrest, or urgent hospitalization for unstable angina leading to revascularization, occurred in 5.5% of the colchicine group compared with 7.1% of the placebo group (p = 0.02).
- Cardiovascular death: 0.8% of the colchicine group compared with 1.0% of the placebo group (p = nonsignificant)
- Stroke: 0.2% of the colchicine group compared with 0.8% of the placebo group (p < 0.05)
- Urgent hospitalization for unstable angina leading to revascularization: 1.1% of the colchicine group compared with 2.1% of the placebo group (p < 0.05)
- Infection: 2.2% of the colchicine group compared with 1.6% of the placebo group (p = 0.15)
- Diarrhea: 9.7% of the colchicine group compared with 8.9% of the placebo group (p = 0.35)
Among patients who suffered a recent myocardial infarction, low-dose colchicine was effective at preventing major adverse cardiovascular events compared with placebo. Benefit was primarily due to a reduction in the incidence of stroke and urgent hospitalization for unstable angina leading to revascularization. The study drug was well tolerated and associated with a similar incidence of infection and diarrhea compared with placebo. The benefit of colchicine was purported to be due to anti-inflammatory properties of the drug.
Tardif JC, Kouz S, Waters DD, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Low-Dose Colchicine After Myocardial Infarction. N Engl J Med 2019;381:2497-505.
Editorial: Newby LK. Inflammation as a Treatment Target After Acute Myocardial Infarction. N Engl J Med 2019;381:2562-3.
Presented by Dr. Jean-Claude Tardif at the American Heart Association Annual Scientific Sessions (AHA 2019), Philadelphia, PA, November 16, 2019.
Clinical Topics: Acute Coronary Syndromes, Arrhythmias and Clinical EP, Cardiac Surgery, Invasive Cardiovascular Angiography and Intervention, Prevention, Implantable Devices, SCD/Ventricular Arrhythmias, Aortic Surgery, Cardiac Surgery and Arrhythmias, Interventions and ACS
Keywords: AHA19, AHA Annual Scientific Sessions, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Angina, Unstable, Colchicine, Diarrhea, Heart Arrest, Inflammation, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Revascularization, Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Primary Prevention, Stroke
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