If your claims are being denied, it is important to make sure the information on your claims is correct. One of the billing issues identified by the government as problematic has to do with coding for the location where services have been provided. Recently, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) revised instructions for what Place of Service (POS) codes to use for your claims, and the changes went into effect on November 2016.

These instructions, issued as a result of a report published by the Office of Inspector General (OIG) on improper coding practices by clinicians, are designed to reduce errors in POS coding. Specifically, they help clinicians determine how to assign POS codes when interpreting diagnostic tests outside of the office setting.

POS codes must be assigned based on the setting in which the beneficiary receives the face-to-face service. Because most services include a face-to-face component, this rule applies to the overwhelming majority of services. Where there is no face-to-face requirement, such as where an interpretation of a diagnostic test is performed remotely, you should use the POS code for the setting in which the beneficiary received the test (also referred to as the technical component (TC)) of the test.

This determination is generally made easily when distinguishing between a hospital and physician’s office. However, it becomes much more complex when services are provided in the hospital because a determination will still need to be made as to whether the patient is being treated as an inpatient or outpatient. When reporting POS, CMS instructs providers to pay more attention to the patient’s general inpatient or outpatient hospital status, rather than the precise inpatient or outpatient code. That said, if you know that a determination has been made regarding inpatient or outpatient status, that is what should be reported.

Previously, CMS had instructed practitioners to use the two-digit POS code that described where they were physically located when rendering the service.


Place of Service Code Set – Complete
For the complete list of Place-of-Service Codes for Professional Claims, see the current year Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Book.

Chapter 12 - Physicians/Nonphysician Practitioners
20.4.2 - Site of Service Payment Differential

Chapter 13 - Radiology Services and Other Diagnostic Procedures
150 - Place of Service (POS) Instructions for the Professional Component (PC or Interpretation) and the Technical Component (TC) of Diagnostic Tests

Chapter 26 - Completing and Processing Form CMS-1500 Data Set
10.4 - Items 14-33 - Provider of Service or Supplier Information
10.5 - Place of Service Codes (POS) and Definitions
10.6 - Carrier Instructions for Place of Service (POS) Codes

MLN Matters: MM7631

OIG Report:

Partial List of POS Codes

POS Code

POS Name

POS Description



The location where health services and health related services are provided or received, through a telecommunication system.


Homeless Shelter

A facility or location where drugs and other medically related items and services are sold, dispensed, or otherwise provided directly to patients



Location, other than a hospital, skilled nursing facility (SNF), military treatment facility, community health center, State or local public health clinic, or intermediate care facility (ICF), where the health professional routinely provides health examinations, diagnosis, and treatment of illness or injury on an ambulatory basis



Location, other than a hospital or other facility, where the patient receives care in a private residence


Assisted Living Facility

Congregate residential facility with self-contained living units providing assessment of each resident’s needs and on-site support 24 hours a day, seven days a week, with the capacity to deliver or arrange for services including some health care and other services


Group Home

A residence, with shared living areas, where clients receive supervision and other services such as social and/or behavioral services, custodial service, and minimal services


Off Campus – Outpatient Hospital

A portion of an off-campus hospital provider based department which provides diagnostic, therapeutic (both surgical and nonsurgical), and rehabilitation services to sick or injured persons who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.


Urgent Care Facility

Location, distinct from a hospital emergency department, an office, or a clinic, whose purpose is to diagnose and treat illness or injury for unscheduled, ambulatory patients seeking immediate medical attention


Inpatient Hospital

A facility, other than psychiatric, which primarily provides diagnostic, therapeutic (both surgical and nonsurgical), and rehabilitation services by, or under, the supervision of physicians to patients admitted for a variety of medical conditions


On-Campus Outpatient Hospital

A portion of a hospital's main campus that provides diagnostic, therapeutic (both surgical and nonsurgical), and rehabilitation services to sick or injured persons who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization


Emergency Room - Hospital

A portion of a hospital where emergency diagnosis and treatment of illness or injury is provided


Ambulatory Surgical Center

A freestanding facility, other than a physicians’ office, where surgical and diagnostic services are provided on an ambulatory basis

Coding questions and comments may be sent to coding@acc.org